"World Risk Society and Ecoglobalism:
Since its institutionalization in the 1990s, ecocriticism has been deﬁned as providing a critical response to ‘environmental crisis,’ thereby identifying the present as a transitional period characterized by a sense of threat and uncertainty. The field has only recently begun to fully engage with another concept that equally responds to environmental threat and uncertainty: the concept of risk. This chapter traces the emergence of risk research within ecocriticism, in particular in its focus on the challenges of global environmental risk. Drawing on sociologist Ulrich Beck’s model of the world risk society and on the concept of the Anthropocene, it shows how literary and cultural studies have begun to contribute to interdisciplinary risk studies by identifying the specific and indispensable contribution of fictional risk narratives to current environmental risk discourses.